Therapeutic Modalities are types of physical agents that focus on strengthening, healing, and relaxing the body. This is achieved through the use of heat therapy, cold therapy, and electrical stimulation of the muscles. A common type of deep heat used is ultrasound, which create both thermal and non-thermal effects. Ultrasound can be used to treat soft tissue disorders and promote wound healing. Cryotherapy, which is a type of cold therapeutic modality, includes the use of cold packs, cold compression units, vapocoolant sprays, etc. This helps to decrease pain, blood flow, inflammation, and muscle spasms. Electrotherapy uses electricity to stimulate nerves or muscles, which helps minimize atrophy and maintain a normal range of motion.
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